Climate change is felt severely in Tanzania. Mt. Kilimanjaro’s glacial ice cap has been slowly melting for decades with only 20% remaining. Tanzania’s dry climate means that much of the melted ice simply evaporates into the atmosphere.

Streams and rivers from Mt. Kilimanjaro and the nearby South Pare Mountains flow into the Pangani River, which flows to the Indian Ocean. According to IUCN, an estimated three million people derive their livelihood from the Pangani River Basin, primarily from agriculture and fisheries. These livelihoods are at risk due to environmental damage and climate change.